If you've managed to accumulate a large amount of debt, you may have considered a debt consolidation loan to give you some relief. With a debt consolidation loan, you combine all your high interest rate debts into a single, lower interest rate loan. Combining your debts with a debt consolidation loan allows you to lower your monthly payment and makes it easier for you to afford your monthly bills. There are a few different types of loans you can use to consolidate your debt.
Home Equity Loans
A home equity loan is a loan that's taken out using the equity in your home as collateral. You typically must have a fair amount of equity in your home and good credit to qualify for a home equity loan. While the interest rates are typically lower than other types of loans, the drawback is that your home is now on the line for your credit card debt. If the payments become unaffordable, you face foreclosure on your home. Because of that it's generally not a good idea to use a home equity loan as a debt consolidation loan.
Credit Card Balance Transfers
A low interest rate balance transfer involves transferring all your credit card balances onto a single credit card. Low balance transfer interest rates are typically promotional rates that expire after a certain period of time. If you choose this option, make sure you know when the low rate will expire and the interest rate that will go into effect. If you want to use a credit card balance transfer as a debt consolidation loan, you'll need a credit card with a large enough credit limit to hold all your credit card debt.
There could be a downside to consolidating debt with a balance transfer - a hit to your credit score. Putting too much debt on one credit card could have a negative impact on your credit score as your credit utilization goes up.
Personal loans can be used as debt consolidation loans. A personal loan is an unsecured loan that has fixed payments over a fixed period of time. Once you're approved for a personal loan, you can use it to consolidate your debts. Depending on your credit rating, you could have trouble getting approved for a personal loan. If you have bad credit you may be approved but at a higher interest rate, or you may not be approved at all.
Debt Consolidation Loans
Debt consolidation loans are offered by banks and credit unions for the sole purpose of combining your debts. Debt consolidation loans vary, so it's important that you choose wisely. Debt consolidation loans ideally have a lower interest rate than the rates you're currently paying. They allow you to lower your monthly debt payments by increasing the repayment period.
Choosing a Debt Consolidation Loan Type
Know that with a debt consolidation loan, you're not really getting rid of your debt. Instead, you're simply shuffling it around so that it becomes easier to pay. You'll feel like you have less debt and may be tempted to borrow more. Practice discipline and avoid borrowing until after your debt consolidation loan has been completely repaid. Even then, it's important that use good judgment in taking on additional debt.