Fees and Interest Accumulate
When you stop paying your credit card bills, your minimum payment will grow and your interest rate will increase. Each month your minimum payment will get larger as more late payment fees are added to your balance.
After 60 days of nonpayment, your credit card issuer is allowed to increase your APR to the default or penalty rate, which is the highest rate on your credit card balance. When the default rate kicks in, your finance charges will also grow. The result is that your outstanding balance and the payment you need to catch up gets larger every month you're late.
Even after you catch up, the penalty rate will remain in effect until you've made six consecutive payments. After that, the rate must go down for your existing balance but can remain in effect for new purchases.
Collection Efforts Increase
Your credit card company's billing department will begin to contact you by phone, mail, or even text message or email to get you to make a credit card payments. Unfortunately, you can't stop calls from your credit card company the way you can with a debt collector. When you want to stop debt collection calls, the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act allows you to send a written cease and desist letter telling them you don't want to be contacted anymore. The same law doesn't apply to your original creditor.
When you're only a few days or weeks behind on your payments, calls from your creditor aren't frequent. They're gentle reminders to get back current on your account. However, the further behind you get, the more frequently you'll be contacted. Not only that, the payment "reminders" get harsher in tone and start mentioning charge-off and default. After you're 90 days past due, your creditor may send you a settlement offer which would let you off the hook for the debt if you just pay a portion of your outstanding balance.
Credit Report and Credit Score Impact
Late payments are added to your credit report as you're 30, 60, 90, 120, and 180 days late. Unfortunately, these late payment notices will make your credit score decrease and could ruin your ability to get a credit card, loan, or even a job. Your insurance rate could also go up based on the credit card delinquencies.
Six months (180 days) after you stop making your credit card payments, your account will be charged-off. With a charge-off, the credit card company benefits (somewhat) not you. A charge-off allows the credit card company to get a tax deduction for your unpaid credit card balance. Meanwhile, you get a serious blemish on your credit report that will stay there for the next seven years alerting everyone that you once defaulted on a credit obligation.
Charge-off accounts are usually sent to a collection agency. From there, they get moved from one collection agency to another until they are paid or discharged in bankruptcy. Your original creditor or a third party debt collector can sue you for the debt until it's paid or bankrupted. After a certain amount of time, the statute of limitations can protect you from a lawsuit judgment but the account must be completely inactive for several years and the burden of proof will be on you.
If you can't afford your credit card payments, contact a consumer credit counseling agency who can help you explore your options. Avoid the damage to your credit if you can, but make sure you realize the consequences of walking away from your credit card balance.